Published Date July 12, 2022
By Hetvi Shah
4 min read
Did you know you are more bacteria than humans? No? Well, that’s correct. Your body has more bacterial cells than human cells, living in your gut and in your body. There are about 1000 different species of bacteria, each playing a different role. Most of these are important for your body while the others may simply make you unwell.
The gut or your digestive tract is a long hollow tube that begins in your mouth and ends in your anus.
Microbes or microorganisms are teeny-tiny living things, visible only under a microscope, and are present everywhere in your body, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi collectively called the gut microbiome. Most of these are found in the large intestine in a “pocket” called “cecum”. They are crucial for the health and may act as extra organs, weighing about 2-5 pounds (1-2 kg).
Diversification of the microbiome happens parallel to your growth. Higher the diversity, the better the health. Allegedly, their diversity is affected by our choice of food. To return our favour we provide them with food, they perform actions like breaking down food, fulfilling the gut’s energy needs, producing vitamins, and protecting from pathogens.
Although they were thought to be bad for our health, it turns out they have a good side too and only a few of them are bad for our health like Salmonella. Helicobacter pylori can trigger ulcer formation, but a recent study says it has beneficial effects on appetite regulation. Below are some of the effects on our bodies -
To flourish our gut health our diet should include foods that contain probiotics/prebiotics(Apples, bananas, yogurt, oats, and probiotic supplements), fermented foods (Yogurt and others that require the process of fermentation), limiting our intake of artificial sweeteners (for example-Aspartame), whole grains(wheat, rice, etc.), and polyphenols (green tea, dark chocolate, olive oil). Trying a plant-based diet might not be too bad in itself.
A health supplement is a compact form of nutrition you take when the nutrition from food itself cannot suffice the body's needs.
By Hetvi Shah
All about calcium, iron and gluten.
By Arpita Sudev
The benefits of buckwheat are blood pressure, heart health, digestion, etc.
By Naurin Ansari
Know the real truth about your food. Stay informed and healthy, for free.