Published Date April 04, 2022

How to Deal with High Uric Acid?

By Arpita Sudev

5 min read

All about purine-rich foods, carbonated drinks, vitamin C and high uric acid.
High Uric Acid

Uric acid is a weak organic acid, a waste product found in the blood. It is produced when the body breaks down chemicals called purines (the end product of purine nucleotide degradation). The source of purine nucleotides is ingestion, endogenous synthesis of purines from non-purine precursors, and re-utilization of preformed purine compounds.

Most of the time, a high uric acid level occurs when your kidneys don't eliminate uric acid efficiently. Factors that may cause this slow-down in the removal of uric acid include foods rich in purine such as sardines, anchovies and liver, being overweight, having diabetes, taking certain diuretics (sometimes called water pills) and drinking too much alcohol. The uric acid dissolves in the blood and passes through the kidneys and leaves the body in urine. Food and drinks that are high in purines also increase the level of uric acid in the body. These include:

  • Seafood (especially salmon, shrimp, lobster and sardines)
  • Red meat
  • Organ meats like liver
  • Dried beans
  • Food and drinks with high fructose corn syrup, and alcohol (especially beer, including non-alcoholic beer)

A high uric acid level is known as hyperuricemia. This can lead to gout, a type of arthritis wherein urate crystals accumulate in the joints, especially in the feet and big toes, and cause extreme pain and swelling. It can also make your blood and urine too acidic. 

Your body accumulates uric acids due to the following reasons: 

  • Genetics 
  • Being overweight or obese 
  • Unhealthy food habits
  • Low physical activity 
  • Stress 
  • Some types of cancer medications 
  • Diuretics 
  • Kidney disease 
  • Diabetes mellitus 
  • Hypothyroidism

Here are some easy tips to reduce the purine levels in your body -

  • You can limit the source of uric acid in your diet. Purine-rich foods include some types of meat, seafood, and vegetables. All of these foods give off uric acid when they’re digested. Avoid or reduce your intake of foods such as organ meats, pork, turkey, fish and shellfish, scallops, mutton, cauliflower, green peas, dried beans, and mushrooms.
  • Consume more whole-grain rice, bread, potatoes, fruit and vegetables, and low-fat and fat-free dairy products.
  • Avoid drugs that can raise uric acid levels. Diuretic drugs, such as furosemide (Lasix) and hydrochlorothiazide, drugs that suppress the immune system, especially before or after an organ transplant and low-dose aspirin are some medications that can lead to a build-up of uric acid in the blood.
  • Maintain healthy body weight. Reaching a healthy body weight may help reduce the risk of gout flares. Obesity increases the risk of gout, especially in people of a younger age.
  • Avoid alcohol and sugary drinks, such as beer, soft drinks, and carbonated drinks. It adds unnecessary calories to the diet, potentially causing weight gain and metabolic issues.
  • Balance your insulin levels and avoid taking stress, as it can contribute to inflammation, which can lead to an increase in uric acid levels
  • Consuming coffee can lower the risk of cardiovascular disease which is less likely to cause gout.
  • Consuming Vitamin C foods and supplements can also lower the risk of developing gout.
  • Eating cherries might reduce the risk of gout attacks, particularly in people with a prior history of the disease.


High uric acid can cause serious health issues. Medication can help reduce pain and may prevent the risk of future gout flares. Try to avoid foods that are high in purine content and maintain a healthy lifestyle. 

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Uric Acid






Joint Pain

Hyper Uricemia

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