Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disorder caused by permanent intolerance to gluten proteins in genetically susceptible individuals. According to research, Celiac Disease is thought to resemble a multisystem immunological disorder more than a disease restricted to the gastrointestinal tract.
People who eat gluten-free tend to be deficient in quite a few vitamins and minerals as their daily intake of nutrients may not meet the ideal intake. This is in part because gluten-free processed foods often aren’t supplemented with extra nutrients. Once you’ve adapted your diet to address CD, the intestine generally heals and recovers from any damage caused by gluten and should improve over a period of time. Adjusting to a modified diet can create another issue with getting the daily nutrients your body needs because of reduced intake. Gluten-containing grain products are commonly enriched or fortified with vitamins and minerals, but very few gluten-free grain products are supplemented with missing vital nutrients.
Malabsorption of iron, folate, and calcium is common among people suffering from CD, as these nutrients are absorbed in the proximal small bowel. It has been reported that the frequency of iron deficiency among CD-suffering patients varies from 12% to 69%.