Mono & Disaccharides


Last update date: October 11, 2023

These are building blocks for more complex carbohydrate forms, referred to as sugars. Sources are fruits, fruit juices, vegetables, milk products & foods having added sucrose

Frequently Asked Questions


What is Mono & Disaccharides?

Mono and disaccharides are types of carbohydrates that serve as the building blocks for more complex carbohydrates. Monosaccharides are simple, soluble, and sweet-tasting sugars. They are the individual units that combine to form larger carbohydrates. The term "mono" signifies one, referring to a single sugar molecule, while "saccharide" refers to sugars. On the other hand, when two monosaccharides join together, a disaccharide is formed.


What is positive impact of Mono & Disaccharides?

Mono and disaccharides are one of the primary sources of quick energy. They get easily absorbed, digested, and absorbed raising the blood sugar levels rapidly. They are extremely beneficial when instant energy is required. Meanwhile, they should not be relied upon for the body's all energy needs. They are also known to improve brain function if consumed in appropriate amounts.


What is negative impact of Mono & Disaccharides?

While mono and disaccharides provide instant energy, excessive consumption of these sugars can have negative impacts on health. If these nutrients originate from 'added sugars' then they can immediately contribute to weight gain, tooth decay and drastically increase the chances of chronic diseases. It is important to be mindful of the sources and quantities of mono and disaccharides in your diet.


Who should avoid Mono & Disaccharides?

Certain individuals may need to limit their intake of mono and disaccharides. People with diabetes or insulin resistance may need to monitor their carbohydrate intake, including mono and disaccharides, to manage blood sugar levels. People with dental issues may also benefit from reducing their consumption of sugary foods and beverages. It is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian to determine the appropriate intake of mono and disaccharides based on individual health needs.


What are common sources of Mono & Disaccharides?

Common sources of mono and disaccharides include fruits, such as bananas, apples, and berries, which naturally contain these simple sugars. Honey, maple syrup, and molasses are natural sweeteners that also provide mono and disaccharides. Additionally, processed foods and beverages, such as soft drinks, candies, and baked goods, often contain added sugars in the form of mono and disaccharides. It is important to prioritize whole, unprocessed foods and choose natural sources of mono and disaccharides to minimize the consumption of added sugars.

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